Teenage Pregnancy 2008

See also Teenage Pregnancy 2011 for a more up to date report.

Teenage pregnancy is associated with adverse social and physical outcomes for both mother and child. It is both a cause and result of exclusion, poverty and inequality.

The Teenage Pregnancy Independent Advisory Group (TPIAG) monitors the implementation of the Government’s Teenage Pregnancy Strategy. Since the Strategy began there has been a national reduction in the under-18 conception rate of 11% and a 23% decrease in the under-18 birth rate. Approximately half of conceptions end in abortion, highlighting the fact that many of the pregnancies are unintended. There continues to be considerable variation in progress around the country. Some local areas have applied the Strategy very successfully and reduced their under-18 conception rates by more than 26%. A few other areas have failed to make any impact and their rates remain relatively unchanged.

Figure 1: Under 18 Conception Rates (1997 – 2008)

Source: Teenage Pregnancy Unit

The under-18 conception rate in Bristol has been consistently higher than that of England as a whole since the late 90s. In contrast, the South-West’s under-18 conception rate remains significantly lower than the national average. There is no clear trend in the Bristol data over the last decade, though nationally there has been a slow but steady decline in the under-18 conception rate. Bristol also has a poorer record when we split the under-18s into age groups:

Table 1: Under 18 Conceptions Split by Age Group, 2004-06

u16 no. 16-17 no. % u16 % 16-17
Bristol 196 795 24.7% 75.3%
South West 1843 7863 23.4% 76.6%
England 21984 96583 22.8% 77.2%

Figure 2: Under 18 Conceptions Split by Age Group (Rolling Average to 2006)

Source: Teenage Pregnancy Unit

Table 2: Under-18 conception trends by Children’s Services Statistical Neighbours:

Under-18 conception rate % difference
LA Deprivation score 1998 2008 1998-2008
Bristol, City of 27.8 51.0 48.7 -4.5%
Southampton 24.3 60.9 51.4 -15.5%
Portsmouth 24.2 57.0 45.3 -20.5%
Brighton and Hove 25.6 48.1 36.0 -25.1%
Reading 19.3 63.1 46.0 -27.1%
Bournemouth 23.0 51.6 38.5 -25.3%
Southend-on-Sea 22.5 56.4 42.8 -24.1%
Derby 26.6 63.8 51.5 -19.3%
Peterborough 24.5 57.7 52.8 -8.5%
Plymouth 26.1 54.7 48.6 -11.2%
Sheffield 27.8 50.5 46.7 -7.6%

Table 3: Under-18 conception trends by Core City:

Under-18 conception rate % difference
LA Deprivation score 1998 2008 1998-2008
Bristol, City of 27.8 51.0 48.7 -4.5%
Sheffield 27.8 50.5 46.7 -7.6%
Leeds 25.1 50.4 50.6 0.3%
Birmingham 38.7 58.3 50.1 -14.1%
Nottingham 37.5 74.7 62.2 -16.7%
Liverpool 47.0 57.9 52.8 -8.7%
Newcastle upon Tyne 31.4 52.8 50.5 -4.4%
Manchester 44.5 61.3 69.8 13.8%

In terms of improvement over the ten years, Bristol does not compare well against its statistical neighbours, Bristol’s improvement being minimal and less than all the others (many of whom have seen a substantial decrease). However, with the exception of Sheffield, Bristol’s conception rate was lower than the other Core Cities, Manchester’s rate (69.8) being the second highest in England in 2008. Bristol was ranked 49th of the 150 Local Authorities.

The obvious association between deprivation and high teenage conception rates is demonstrated by the following map of Bristol:

Figure 3: Map to follow

See also Teenage Pregnancy 2011 for a more up to date report.

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This entry was posted in Be Healthy, Sexual Health, Teenage Pregnancy. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Teenage Pregnancy 2008

  1. Jo says:

    Is teenage pregnancy the only issue we consider under sexual health? What about HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases? Is this not mentioned because it is covered in the school curriculum?

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