The demographic data presented below are all based on a series of snapshots taken at the end of each quarter, from 1st April 2007 to 30th Sep 2011, of all currently open Children in Need (CIN), Children with a Child Protection Plan (CPP) and Looked After Children (LAC). Children placed for adoption are not included in the LAC data in this report, as we do not have home addresses for them, and they are about to leave our population of children in need. An update to some of this data was published in Oct 2012.
In the charts below, the years refer to the financial year start, i.e. 2008 = 1st April 2008 to 31st Mar 2009. Where year-end data is shown, this is based on the 4th quarter of each year, i.e. 2009 refers to 31st Mar 2010. Sometimes year-end data can appear to show a trend, but looking at all quarters reveals more scattered figures.
With the exception of Figure 1, all charts show the percentage breakdown of the population into the categories shown. However, the actual numbers each quarter/year are sufficiently similar for these to be interpreted as an indication of absolute numbers as well as proportions.
Figure 1 – No of CIN, CPP and LAC at the end of each quarter.
Figure 1 shows the number of CIN, CPP & LAC at the end of each quarter from 01/04/2007 to 30/09/2011.
It can be seen that numbers of LAC have been remarkably constant, but have increased over the last two or three quarters. Numbers of CPP have been climbing steadily but seem to have accelerated recently. The number of CIN has climbed steadily for nearly two years then reached a plateau.
Figure 2 shows the same figures at each year end, along with the rate per 1000 population of under 18-year-olds.
Table 1 shows how Bristol compares with other cities. Note there is a high level of variation between the core cities. For instance the rate of looked after children per 1000 population varies from 5.6 in Sheffield to 14.7 in Newcastle. Results are not available for Liverpool’s CIN Census. In addition, the Department for Education has judged the core cities’ data to be very unreliable, so this has not been included for CIN.
In addition to the figures shown, there are about 110 respite-only LAC.
Figure 2 – CIN, CPP & LAC by population of under 18-year-olds
- Source: Bristol City Council
Table 1 – 2009 Population Levels of CIN, CPP and LAC per 1000
|Type||Bristol||England||Core cities||Statistical Neighbours|
* Excluding Liverpool
As at 2010 Q4, 52% of CIN are boys. When looking at non-disabled children, the balance is more equal. This is due to a much higher proportion of boys being recorded as disabled. However it is known that disability amongst LAC and CIN is over-recorded, so this data is not reliable. Among those recorded as having autism/asperger’s 93% are boys.
CPP gender balance is roughly equal. When looking at non-disabled children, there are slightly more girls than boys.
LAC are consistently more boys than girls, though the gap has been narrowing over time.
Respite-only LAC are over two-thirds boys, most of whom are disabled.
Figure 3 – Age of CIN, CPP and LAC at end of year
Figure 3 shows the age breakdown of children in each category open at the year end. CIN show no clear variation of age profile over time. There has been an increasing proportion of younger children with CP Plans, especially in the 1 ‑ 4 range. This is accompanied by a reduction in number of 10 ‑ 15 year olds. LAC are showing an increasing proportion of children aged 16+, mainly due to the Southwark judgment concerning homeless children over 16.
Disability data is incomplete and inaccurate before mid 2008 so is not included. There is a significant over-recording of impairment details, particularly for LAC, with around 30% being recorded as disabled. In view of this, it is not possible to draw any firm conclusions about disability at this time. Almost all respite-only LAC are recorded as disabled. This is likely to be quite accurate.
Figure 4 – Ethnic Group
Figure 4 shows the ethnic group of children in each category open at the year end, along with data from the Schools Census for comparison.
Around a quarter of all schoolchildren are from BME backgrounds. This compares well with the proportions shown in the caseloads in Figure 4.
The actual numbers of LAC and CPP children in the minority groups are quite small, so apparent changes over time are not significant.
Although numbers are small, there has been an increase in BME levels among respite-only LAC.